There are differences between leadership and management functions. Leadership provides direction, encouragement and inspiration to motivate a team to achieve organisational success. Management is primarily an organisational role, coordinating people's efforts and the allocation of resources to maximise efficiency in achieving identified goals.
Hold responsibility – Manager’s are about targets, measures and achieving deadlines within agreed timeframes.
Plan, organise and control – Manager’s get things done BY people. They use systems and measures to ensure everything is on track.
See tasks through to completion – The Manager will follow progress and know where expectations are at any given point.
Measure by efficiency – On time, to budget and the right quality.
More fixed – Managers are often more focused on the task and schedule. Ticking the boxes and applying pressure to get the task done.
- Counts value
- Focuses on system and structure
- Relies on control
- Has a short term view
- Always has his/her eye on the bottom line
- Accepts the status quo
- Does things right
- Is the classic “good soldier”
Facilitate accountability – They are the go to people to ease relationships, get the best out of people and remove roadblocks to progress.
Develop, guide, coach and mentor - Leaders get things done THROUGH people – they use encouragement, support and relationships to get people to WANT to do their best.
Focus on objectives and people – The leader will keep more focus on the overall objectives and the performance and well being of the individual/team involved.
Measured by satisfaction of the group – The well led group or individuals will be happy with their efforts. They may face dramas, difficulties and challenges but they will have come through them and learnt a lot about themselves and their peers.
More flexible – Keeps the pressure in check, ensures that the task is in the right direction to achieve the overall objectives. Is the calm in the eye of the storm.
- Creates value
- Focuses on people
- Inspires trust
- Always has his/her eye on the horizon
- Develops ideas and principles
- Challenges the status quo
- Is his/her own person
- Does the right things
The distinction between leadership and management is quite useful in gaining a better understanding of these different functions in an organisation. Leadership and management operate hand in hand. To be a good manager requires leadership skills, and an effective leader will be reliant on applying their own and others' management skills to achieve their vision.